PDF: The staining effect of cigarette smoke on different dental materials


Among the aesthetic properties of restorative and prosthetic materials used in dentistry, color stability is an important issue. Color changes are examined using many coloring agents such as coffee, tea and mouthwash.



One of these coloring agents is cigarette smoke. The rapid increase in the number of cigarette users in the world and the presence of a wide variety of dental materials have made it popular to study the impact among them.


The purpose of this mini review is to evaluate the studies examining the staining effects of smoking on dental composite and denture teeth. 

Some studies have shown that smoking has an effect on dental materials. However, more studies are needed to examine the effect of smoking on the color stability of new dental materials. 

Dental composites are among the most commonly used restorative materials of dentistry. There are many studies on various staining agents on the continuity of aesthetic properties and color stability.


Detected color change in composites in their studies using Erythrosine as a coloring agent. Initial studies examining the coloring effect of smoking, Raptis et al., found signifi cant changes in the color stability of composites, then this subject was enriched in other studies. 

Some studies have examined the painting effect of cigarettes, considering the fi nishing and polishing of composite materials. Alandia, et al. showed that unpolished composites, except for the siloran based type, were more affected by cigarette smoke and change color.


Although polished samples give better results in these studies, all composites have been shown to be affected by cigarettes and change color. More research is needed to examine the color stability of dental materials used in restorative and prosthetic dentistry. 

In particular, research on the effects of smoking on the color change of dental ceramics and CAD-CAM materials needs to be enriched. 



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