PDF: A Blood Pressure Check and Percutaneous Oxygen Saturation Measurement Improved Patient Safety in Dental Treatment

Japan is one of the most super-aged societies in the world. Dental treatment is risky for older people, both because they are more likely to have systemic diseases and because dental treatment is stressful.

This study investigated how patient safety during dental treatment was affected by promoting the practice of measuring blood pressure and arterial blood oxygen saturation before and after dental treatment.

The Japanese population has one of the longest life expectancies in the world. The population aging rate for people aged 65 and over is still increasing every year in Japan, and was 27.7% in 2017. 

Kyushu Dental University Hospital is located in Kitakyushu City in Fukuoka, which had the highest population aging rate in Japanese government designated cities in 2016 (28.6%).

Our research has revealed that 36.8% of outpatients in the dental hospital were aged 65 or over. Generally, the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension increases with age. 

The National Health and Nutrition Survey in 2016 showed that the prevalence of hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, or use of antihypertensive medication) was 60% for males aged 40 to 74, 41% for females in the same age range, 74% for males aged 75, and 77% for females in the same age range.

The aim of this study was to examine how to change the number of times the patient safety management fees were claimed by promoting the practice of performing a blood pressure check and a percutaneous oxygen saturation measurement before and after dental treatment. 

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